• India, Ethiopia sign agreements on visa facilitation, leather technology.
• Agreement were on Mutual Visa Exemption for holders of Diplomatic Passports and an MoU between the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – Central Leather Research Institute, India and Wollo University, Ethiopia.
• The agreements were signed in the presence of Ethiopia Deputy Prime minister and Foreign Minister, Demeke Mekonnen Hassen and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar.
• The two ministers agreed to expand India and Ethiopia bilateral agenda especially defence, economic, S&T, digital and cultural cooperation.
• Both jointly inaugurated the newly-constructed Chancery building and Embassy residence of the Embassy of Ethiopia in New Delhi on 18 February 2021.
• Historical linkages between India and Ethiopia go back about 2,000 years of recorded history.
• India’s relations with Ethiopia have been traditionally close and friendly. Successive Ethiopian regimes have been appreciative of the fact that India was never been hostile to Ethiopia’s interests.
• Recently, the India - Ethiopia Innovation Programme, conceived as part of India’s commitment under the India Africa Forum Summit-III was launched on 23 May 2019.
• India gifted medicines worth US$ 2 million to the Ministry of Health of Ethiopia.
• An Artificial Limb Fitment Camp under Ministry’s ‘India for Humanity’ project was also launched in Addis Ababa.
• India's total trade with Ethiopia stood at US$1.271 billion in 2017-18, out of which India's exports to Ethiopia were US$1.224 billion and imports were US$47.45 million, according to the National Bank of Ethiopia annual report.
• India is the third most important source of imports for Ethiopia, contributing 10.1% of all of Ethiopia imports next to China and Kuwait. India contributed 1.6% of Ethiopia's export to the world.
• Among India's top exports to Ethiopia include mainly primary and semi-finished iron and steel products, drugs and pharmaceuticals, machinery and instruments, manufactures of metal, etc. Major imports by India from Ethiopia were: semi-precious stones, pulses, leather, oil seeds and vegetables & seeds.
(The author is a trainer for Civil Services aspirants. The views expressed here are personal.)