Prime Minister Narendra Modi is soon expected to launch the National Intelligence Grid or NATGRID.
• NATGRID is conceptualised as a seamless and secure database for information on terrorists, economic crimes and similar incidents.
• The 26/11 terrorist seige in Mumbai back in 2008 exposed the deficiency that security agencies had no mechanism to look for vital information on a real-time basis.
• Lack of quick information to intelligence and enforcement agencies was considered to be one of the major hurdles in detecting US terror suspect David Headley’s movement across the country during his multiple visits between 2006 and 2009. Headley had provided key information and videos of terror targets to Pakistan-based terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba that carried out the Mumbai attacks that killed 166 people, including foreigners.
• The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) had given approval to the Rs 3,400 crore NATGRID project back in 2010 but its work slowed down after 2012.
• The NATGRID has been envisaged as a robust mechanism to track suspects and prevent terrorist attacks with real-time data and access to classified information like immigration, banking, individual taxpayers, air and train travels.
• According to the first phase plan, 10 user agencies and 21 service providers will be connected with the NATGRID while in later phases about 950 additional organisations will be brought on board.
• In the following years, more than 1,000 organisations will be further integrated into the NATGRID.
• These data sources include records related to immigration entry and exit, banking and financial transactions and telecommunications.
• Prominent federal agencies of the country have been authorised to access the NATGRID database.