The Union Cabinet approved the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban till 2025-26.
Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)
• The government launched Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) on October 2, 2014.
The Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) had two primary components of implementation:
1) Achieving 100 per cent open defecation-free (ODF) status.
2) 100 per cent scientific processing of solid waste.
• Since its launch in 2014, Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) has made significant progress in the area of both sanitation and solid waste management.
• As many as 4,371 cities have been declared ODF, 3,309 cities certified ODF+ and 960 cities certified ODF++ as per the ministry of housing and urban affairs sanitation protocols.
• This has been made possible through construction of more than 62 lakh individual household toilets and over 6 lakh community/public toilets, far exceeding the Mission’s targets.
Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
• SBM-U 2.0 was launched by PM Narendra Modi on October 1, 2021.
• A financial outlay of Rs 1,41,600 crore has been finalised for SBM-U 2.0, including a central share of Rs 36,465 crore, which is over 2.5 times the financial outlay of Rs 62,009 crore in the last phase of the mission.
• Its key focus will be on sustaining the sanitation and solid waste management outcomes achieved and accelerating the momentum generated, thus achieving the Mission’s vision of a “Garbage-Free” Urban India.
• The implementation of the mission components will be done in a structured and time-bound manner, with thorough gap analysis of required infrastructure, detailed five-year action plans, and annual action plans with timelines.
• The mission will be completely paperless, digital, leveraging digital technology for complete transparency and accountability through GIS-mapped waste management infrastructure, robust user interface, online grievance redressal system, end-to-end online monitoring of projects starting from project creation to fund release, and project progress monitoring on integrated GIS-based platform.
Key components under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
1) Sustainable Sanitation:
The Mission will focus on ensuring complete access to sanitation facilities to serve the additional population migrating from rural to urban areas in search of employment and better opportunities over the next five years. This will be done through the construction of over 3.5 lakh individual, community and public toilets.
Complete liquid waste management in cities less than 1 lakh population – a new component introduced under SBM-Urban 2.0 – will ensure that systems and processes are set up in every city so that all wastewater is safely contained, collected, transported and treated and no wastewater pollutes our water bodies.
2) Sustainable Solid Waste Management:
100 percent source segregation of waste along with functional Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs) in every city, with a focus on phasing out single use plastic.
Setting up of construction & demolition (C&D) waste processing facilities and deployment of mechanical sweepers in National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) cities and in cities with more than 5 lakh population.
Remediation of all legacy dumpsites, so that 14,000 acres of locked up land lying under 15 crore tonnes of legacy waste are freed up.
There will be special focus on well-being on sanitation and informal waste workers through provision of personal protective equipment and safety kits, linkages with government welfare schemes along with their capacity building.